Hematite and Magnetite Nanostructures for Green and Sustainable Energy Harnessing and Environmental Pollution Control: A Review

Muhammad Ashraf, Ibrahim Khan, Muhammad Usman, Abuzar Khan, Syed Shaheen Shah, Abdul Zeeshan Khan, Khalid Saeed, Muhammad Yaseen, Muhammad Fahad Ehsan, Muhammad Nawaz Tahir, Nisar Ullah

Research output: Journal PublicationReview articlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The optoelectrical and magnetic characteristics of naturally existing iron-based nanostructures, especially hematite and magnetite nanoparticles (H-NPs and M-NPs), gained significant research interest in various applications, recently. The main purpose of this Review is to provide an overview of the utilization of H-NPs and M-NPs in various environmental remediation. Iron-based NPs are extensively explored to generate green energy from environmental friendly processes such as water splitting and CO2 conversion to hydrogen and low molecular weight hydrocarbons, respectively. The latter part of the Review provided a critical overview to use H-NPs and M-NPs for the detection and decontamination of inorganic and organic contaminants to counter the environmental pollution and toxicity challenge, which could ensure environmental sustainability and hygiene. Some of the future perspectives are comprehensively presented in the final portion of the script, optimiztically, and it is supported by some relevant literature surveys to predict the possible routes of H-NPs and M-NPs modifications that could enable researchers to use these NPs in more advanced environmental applications. The literature collection and discussion on the critical assessment of reserving the environmental sustainability challenges provided in this Review will be useful not only for experienced researchers but also for novices in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1292-1311
Number of pages20
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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