Heliaquanoid A (1), the first exo-2,4-linked Diels-Alder adduct between a pseudoguaianolide dienophile and a guaianolide diene, and heliaquanoids B-E (2-5), four new 2,4-linked Diels-Alder adducts between a xanthanolide dienophile and a guaianolide diene, were isolated from stems and leaves of Inula helianthus-aquatica. Their structures were determined by NMR spectroscopy, a modified Mosher's method, electronic circular dichroism, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 2 and 3 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities against HL-60 cells with IC50 values of 7.5 and 4.9 μM, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry