GIS-based forest fire risk assessment for the Belait District

S. N.M. Said, S. Shams, E. M.M. Zahran, Y. H. Yap

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Widespread forest fires have been a regular event in the Southeast Asian region particularly during dry periods. Brunei Darussalam, as one of the Southeast Asian countries, loses hundreds of hectares of forests every year, and more. Fire behaviour varies under different conditions and the nature of the forests. The degrees of challenge and impact posed by fires differ with types of forest cover and soil. This paper therefore attempts to assess fire risk in the Belait District by considering different fire contributory factors. This task was assisted by the application of a Geographical Information System (GIS). In this study, factors such as forest cover type, soil types, distance from road, proximity of settlements and population, are derived and classified for the study area. A fire risk map was then developed using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) and Suitability Analysis tools in GIS. The outcomes showed that the high fire risk areas are at the northern part of the district and aligned with the shoreline, whereas low risk areas are found at the lower part of the district. The result also demonstrates the potential of integrating AHP and suitability analysis tools for fire risk assessment studies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIET Conference Publications
PublisherInstitution of Engineering and Technology
ISBN (Electronic)9781785618161, 9781785618437, 9781785618468, 9781785618871, 9781785619427, 9781785619694, 9781785619915, 9781839530029, 9781839530036
ISBN (Print)9781785617911
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event7th Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2018, BICET 2018 - Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
Duration: 12 Nov 201814 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameIET Conference Publications


Conference7th Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2018, BICET 2018
Country/TerritoryBrunei Darussalam
CityBandar Seri Begawan


  • Forest cover
  • Forest fire
  • GIS
  • Risk
  • Soil types

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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