In this chapter, we first consider some of the past and current trends of eco-development, both globally and focused on the experience of China. We provide a detailed analysis of eco-development approaches that exist in the built environment at three spatial levels. Afterwards, we provide a comprehensive analysis of ‘eco’ from a multiscalar perspective. In this part, we look into issues of climate change and how it effects urban resilience, and as such, eco-development as our mainstream. We then discuss more about the context of China and precisely explore the importance of the regional context and climatic conditions, stakeholder constellations as part of project development, and traditions as rightful methods for the future. In the final section of the chapter, we highlight some future directions and give an insight about what directions will be suitable in China, if the concept of eco- is going to continue and strive for further development.