Fully biodegradable composites: Thermal, flammability, moisture absorption and mechanical properties of Natural fibre-reinforced composites with nano-hydroxyapatite

Pooria Khalili, Xiaoling Liu, Zirui Zhao, Brina Blinzler

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Natural fibre-reinforced poly(lactic acid) (PLA) laminates were prepared by a conventional film stacking method from PLA films and natural fabrics with a cross ply layup of [0/90/0/90/0/90], followed by hot compression. Natural fibre (NF) nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) filled composites were produced by the same manufacturing technique with matrix films that had varying concentrations of nHA in the PLA. Their flammability, thermal, moisture absorption and mechanical properties were analysed in terms of the amount of nHA. The flame behavior of neat PLA and composites evaluated by the UL-94 test demonstrated that only the composite containing the highest quantity of nHA (i.e., 40 wt% nHA in matrix) was found to achieve an FH-1 rating and exhibited no recorded burn rate, whereas other composites obtained only an FH-3. The thermal degradation temperature and mass residue were also observed, via thermogravimetric analysis, to increase when increasing concentrations of nHA were added to the NF composite. The tensile strength, tensile modulus and flexural modulus of the neat resin were found to increase significantly with the introduction of flax fibre. Conversely, moisture absorption was found to increase and mechanical properties to decrease with both the presence of NF and increasing concentrations of nHA, and subsequent mechanical properties experienced an obvious reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1145
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Flammability
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA)
  • Natural fibre (NF)
  • Poly(lactic acid) (PLA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)

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