Fish pond water treatment using ultrasonic cavitation and advanced oxidation processes

Weng Kiat Tan, Siew Cheong Cheah, Shridharan Parthasarathy, R. P. Rajesh, Cheng Heng Pang, Sivakumar Manickam

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This investigation explores the efficacy of employing ultrasonic cavitation and coupling it with advanced oxidation processes (hydrogen peroxide and Fenton's reagent) for reducing the levels of total ammonia nitrogen in fish pond water containing Tilapia fishes. Ultrasonic cavitation is a phenomenon where the formation, growth and collapse of vaporous bubbles occur in a liquid medium producing highly reactive free radicals. Ultrasonic probe system (20 kHz with 750 W and 1000 W) was used to induce cavitation. Besides, to intensify the process, ultrasonic cavitation was coupled with hydrogen peroxide and Fenton's reagent. Using SERA colour indicator test kits, the levels of ammonium, nitrite and carbonate hardness were measured. The results obtained from this study clearly show that the advanced oxidation processes are more efficient in reducing the ammonium and nitrite levels in fish pond water than using ultrasound alone. The pH and carbonate hardness levels were not affected significantly by ultrasonic cavitation. The optimal treatment time and ultrasound power to treat the water samples were also established. Energy efficiency and cost analysis of this treatment have also been presented, indicating that ultrasonic cavitation coupled with hydrogen peroxide appears to be a promising technique for reducing total ammonia nitrogen levels in the fish pond water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129702
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Ammonia removal
  • Aquaculture
  • Cavitation
  • Fish pond
  • Nitrite removal
  • Ultrasound
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Fish pond water treatment using ultrasonic cavitation and advanced oxidation processes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this