Fault diagnosis model for photovoltaic array using a dual-channels convolutional neural network with a feature selection structure

Xiaoyang Lu, Peijie Lin, Shuying Cheng, Gengfa Fang, Xiangjian He, Zhicong Chen, Lijun Wu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effective fault diagnosis algorithm for the DC side photovoltaic (PV) array of a PV system (PVS) plays an important role in the operation efficiency and safety for PV power plants. But for fault diagnosis models it may fail to diagnose PV array (PVA) faults without detailed and quite fine fault features, especially line-line faults (LLF) occurring in the PVS that works under complex working conditions like low irradiance conditions and LLF with fault impedance. To address these challenges, this paper proposes a fault diagnosis scheme to diagnose different PVA faults using a proposed Dual-channel Convolutional Neural Network (DcCNN), which is able to automatically extract features and weight these features for fault classification. The important and fine features from the current and voltage electrical time series graph (ETSG) are extracted respectively by DcCNN in a double input way. Then, a proposed feature selection structure (FSS) is designed to improve the proposed fault diagnosis model capacity for diagnosing PVA faults under various conditions, including LLF, partial shading condition (PSC) and open circuit faults (OCF). Comparing to manually designed features, FSS not only helps DcCNN extract important features from PVA current and voltage automatically but also evaluates extracted features for further classification of DcCNN. Moreover, in the training stage, a proposed penalty is applied on DcCNN to constrain FSS, resulting in its sparse weight distribution. A comprehensive experiment based on a laboratory roof grid connected PVS is conducted. The results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed approach compared with other algorithms as it can extract high-discriminative features from PVA current and voltage for different PVA faults, which is also effective on diagnosing LLF under low irradiance conditions and LLF with fault impedance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114777
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume248
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dual-channel convolutional neural network
  • Fault diagnosis
  • Feature selection structure
  • PV array
  • Transient characteristic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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