Facile synthesis of yolk shell Mn2O3@Mn5O8 as an effective catalyst for peroxymonosulfate activation

Aimal Khan, Shuhua Zou, Ting Wang, Jerosha Ifthikar, Ali Jawad, Zhuwei Liao, Ajmal Shahzad, Audrey Ngambia, Zhuqi Chen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


Yolk shell Mn2O3@Mn5O8 was prepared through a facile synthetic procedure and was demonstrated to be a highly efficient and stable catalyst in peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation for the catalytic degradation of organic contaminants. Mn2O3@Mn5O8 exhibits much improved activity compared with other classic manganese catalysts such as ϵ-MnO2, Mn2O3 and Mn3O4, and this performance was due to its yolk shell structure, mesoporous shell, well-defined interior voids, particular particle size and mixed valence states. The long-term stability and efficiency of Mn2O3@Mn5O8 was observed in activating PMS to generate sulfate radicals for the removal of various organic pollutants such as phenol, 4-chlorophenol (4-CP), 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DP) and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) in aqueous medium. The effects of the initial solution pH, influence of anions, catalyst stability and the temperature effect on 4-CP degradation were also investigated. Furthermore, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and radical quenching tests were employed to investigate sulfate, hydroxyl, superoxide radicals and even 1O2 for organic degradation processes. Finally, a possible activation pathway of Mn2O3@Mn5O8/PMS was proposed that involved the inner-sphere interactions between the HSO5- and the catalyst surface, electron transfer from Mn species to PMS, and the generation of sulfate radicals. These findings provide new insights into PMS activation by using nano-particle catalysts of non-toxic metal oxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13909-13919
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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