Experimental study of particle trajectory in electrostatics powder coating process

Fujing Wang, Robert Martinuzzi, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Experimental studies of particle trajectory were conducted in an isolated Plexiglass coating booth. Polyester particles were injected with a Norsdon® electrostatics spray gun with a fixed distance from the gun to a grounded plate. Using a Dantec® Particle Dynamic Analyzer, the particle velocity and size distribution were measured simultaneously. The experimental results showed that the effect of electrostatics charging on the particle trajectory is strong in the close vicinity of the target, but can be neglected at locations away from the target. The influence on particle size and velocity profile due to the electric field between the charged particles and grounded target was weakened as more particles deposited on the target. When no charge is introduced on the coating powder, particle segregation is observed for particles larger than 100 μm. Particle gravitational settlement is noticed even near the gun tip. However, particle charging largely eliminates the segregation at a gun-to-target distance of 25 cm and helps break agglomerates formed in the spray system. The gun-to-target velocities of larger particles exhibited noticeable deviation from those of the flow field as the grounded target was approached. The study revealed that the onset of electrostatic coating is an important period that can affect the transfer efficiency and film thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-29
Number of pages10
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Particle dynamic analyses
  • Particle size distribution
  • Particle trajectory
  • Particle velocity
  • Powder coating
  • Powder spray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


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