For coordination compounds containing CO or CN groups, fast time-resolved infrared spectroscopy (TRIR) provides a convenient method of probing excited states and intermediates. TRIR has proved particularly powerful for probing the structure and kinetics of organometallic intermediates. The interpretation is particularly straightforward when combined with IR data from matrix isolation experiments, although there can be some subtle differences. In excited state studies, shifts in v(CO) and v(CN) frequencies, from ground to excited state, are sensitive to the changes in electron distribution on excitation, thus allowing the distinction between charge-transfer and non-charge-transfer transitions. Subtle effects on excited state v(CO) band positions occur with change from fluid to rigid solvent-"infrared rigidochromism". There is often a change in v(CO) band width on excitation; this can be interpreted in terms of specific interactions between the excited species and the solvent. This paper presents some of our recent work in this area.
- Excited states
- Time-resolved infrared spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics