Evaluating a job search strategy model of fit perceptions: a construct validation amongst unemployed job seekers

Emmanuel Affum-Osei, Henry Kofi Mensah, Eric Adom Asante, Solomon Kwarteng Forkuoh

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the (1) psychometric properties of Crossley and Highhouse's job search strategy scale and (2) the predictive utility of the scale on fit perceptions. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from unemployed job seekers in Ghana (nT1 = 720; nT2 = 418). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the data. Findings: Exploratory factor analysis on the first random sub-sample (n = 362) supported a three-factor model. Confirmatory factor analysis on the second random sub-sample (n = 358) confirmed the three-factor structure and was invariant across job search contexts and genders. Moreover, structural path results showed that the use of focussed and exploratory job search strategies facilitated positive fit perceptions and the use of haphazard job search resulted in poor job fit perceptions. Originality/value: This study is the first to examine the dimensionality of job search strategies based on different job search context by linking it to fit perceptions. Moreover, the authors provide evidence that the job search strategy scale has a valid psychometric property and a promising instrument to assess job search behaviour across job search contexts and genders in an understudied population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-289
Number of pages21
JournalCareer Development International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Fit perceptions
  • Job search behaviour
  • Job search strategy
  • Measurement invariance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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