Europeanization through socialization?

Nicholas Smith

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the European Union's interaction with civil society organizations in Armenia through the European Neighbourhood Policy as a potential example of normative socialization. Through examining the EU's interaction with domestic NGOs in Armenia, this paper offers an evaluation of the socialization mechanism coupled with a general critique of the EU's democratization policy in relation to civil society promotion. It is argued that while civil society promotion and interaction represents a potentially fruitful avenue for not only democratization but socialization strategies, the EU's utilization of Armenian civil society organizations as a target actor remains too ineffective to generate an environment conducive to the adoption and internalization of EU norms and rules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-402
Number of pages18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Armenia
  • civil society organizations
  • ENP
  • EU
  • Europeanization
  • socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Political Science and International Relations


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