Euler/Euler large eddy simulation of bubbly flow in bubble columns under CO2 chemisorption conditions

Shanshan LONG, Xiaogang Yang, Jie Yang, Martin Sommerfeld

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It has been generally recognised that the turbulent dispersion force plays an important role in interphase momentum transfer. However, the effect of the added mass stress on the momentum and mass transfer in bubble
column bubbly flow has not been addressed appropriately. As the turbulent eddies in the surroundings of bubbles
interact strongly with the rising bubbles in bubble column bubbly flow, such interactions will bring out the
change of interfacial areas between the bubbles and carrier fluid, consequently leading to changes in the
interfacial mass transfer. When employing large eddy simulation for modelling bubbly flow coupled with the
chemisorption process, the SGS filtered velocity fluctuations of liquid phase can be interpreted as the turbulent
eddies that continuously hit the surfaces of bubbles, causing bubble deformation and the variation of bubble
interfacial areas, which give rise to the turbulent dispersion and added mass stress forces. The present study will
demonstrate through Euler/Euler large-eddy simulations (LES) modelling that by considering the turbulent
dispersion force (SGS-TDF) and added mass stress (SGS-AMS), the bubble dynamics and mass transfer under the
chemisorption conditions can be better indicated, which leads to remarkable improvements in the prediction of
bubble lateral dispersion and the interfacial mass transfer. The turbulent dispersion and added mass stress related
to the spatially filtering were proposed with a modification on SGS eddy viscosity to reflect turbulent dispersion
due to bubble-induced turbulence. A comprehensive assessment of the effects of these additional filtered stress
terms on the time-averaged velocity and bubble volume fraction profiles, flow patterns, mass transfer and the pH
variation during CO2 chemisorption and the turbulent kinetic energy and species concentration spectra was
conducted.
Original languageEnglish
Article number136654
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume445
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • LES Simulation
  • Turbulent Dispersion
  • Added Mass Stress
  • Mass Transfer
  • Bubble Column

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