Enhancing vibration isolation performance by exploiting novel spring-bar mechanism

Baiyang Shi, Jian Yang, Tianyun Li

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the use of a spring-bar mechanism (SBM) in a vibration suppression system to improve its performance. The SBM, comprising bars and springs, is configured with a conventional linear spring-damper isolator unit. The dynamic response, force transmissibility, and vibration energy flow behaviour are studied to evaluate the vibration suppression performance of the integrated system. It is found that the SBM can introduce hardening, softening stiffness, or double-well potential characteristics to the system. By tuning the SBM parameters, constant negative stiffness is achieved so that the natural frequency of the overall system is reduced for enhanced low-frequency vibration isolation. It is also found that the proposed design yields a wider effective isolation range compared to the conventional spring-damper isolator and a previously proposed isolator with a negative stiffness mechanism. The frequency response relation of the force-excited system is derived using the averaging method and elliptical functions. It is also found that the system can exhibit chaotic motions, for which the associated time-averaged power is found to tend to an asymptotic value as the averaging time increases. It is shown that the time-averaged power flow variables can be used as uniform performance indices of nonlinear vibration isolators exhibiting periodic or chaotic motions. It is shown that the SBM can assist in reducing force transmission and input power, thereby expanding the frequency range of vibration attenuations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8852
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • Chaotic motion
  • Nonlinear stiffness
  • Power flow analysis
  • Quasi-zero stiffness
  • Spring-bar mechanism
  • Vibration isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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