Enhanced robust spatial feature selection and correlation filter learning for UAV tracking

Jiajun Wen, Honglin Chu, Zhihui Lai, Tianyang Xu, Linlin Shen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Spatial boundary effect can significantly reduce the performance of a learned discriminative correlation filter (DCF) model. A commonly used method to relieve this effect is to extract appearance features from a wider region of a target. However, this way would introduce unexpected features from background pixels and noises, which will lead to a decrease of the filter's discrimination power. To address this shortcoming, this paper proposes an innovative method called enhanced robust spatial feature selection and correlation filter Learning (EFSCF), which performs jointly sparse feature learning to handle boundary effects effectively while suppressing the influence of background pixels and noises. Unlike the ℓ2-norm-based tracking approaches that are prone to non-Gaussian noises, the proposed method imposes the ℓ2,1-norm on the loss term to enhance the robustness against the training outliers. To enhance the discrimination further, a jointly sparse feature selection scheme based on the ℓ2,1 -norm is designed to regularize the filter in rows and columns simultaneously. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this has been the first work exploring the structural sparsity in rows and columns of a learned filter simultaneously. The proposed model can be efficiently solved by an alternating direction multiplier method. The proposed EFSCF is verified by experiments on four challenging unmanned aerial vehicle datasets under severe noise and appearance changes, and the results show that the proposed method can achieve better tracking performance than the state-of-the-art trackers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-54
Number of pages16
JournalNeural Networks
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Correlation filter
  • Object tracking
  • Spatial feature selection
  • UAV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence


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