Cocatalysts play a critical role in the activity and stability of photocatalytic systems. Currently, efficient cocatalysts mainly comprise of expensive noble metals. Herein we report a composite photocatalyst consisting of CdS nanorods (NRs) and noble-metal-free cocatalyst NiSe, which efficiently enhances the hydrogen production activity of CdS NRs under visible light. NiSe was synthesized through a facile aqueous solution method and CdS/NiSe NRs composites were prepared by in situ deposition of NiSe on CdS NRs. This provides increased contact between cocatalyst and photosensitizer leading to enhanced electron transfer at the interface of NiSe and CdS. The current photocatalytic system gave the highest hydrogen evolution rate of 340 µmol h−1 under optimal conditions. The enhanced stability of the system was observed for 30 h of irradiation resulting in 14 mmol of hydrogen evolution. The highest AQY of 12% was observed using the 420 nm monochromatic light. In addition, CdS/NiSe NRs showed significant higher H2 evolution rate than that of 1.0 wt% loaded CdS/Pt NRs proving NiSe as highly efficient cocatalyst. Photoluminescence spectra and the photocurrent response were used to confirm the efficient charge transfer at the interface of NiSe and CdS nanorods. The work presented here demonstrates the successful use of an inexpensive, non-noble-metal cocatalyst for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production.
- Charge transfer
- Hydrogen production
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry