This paper presents an extensive study on the electromagnetic and structural influences of the end barrier shape of a Synchronous Reluctance Machine (SynRel). One of the most challenging tasks in designing these machines is to achieve a smooth torque and a mechanically robust structure, especially when high operating speed range is required. Several papers have already addressed the electromagnetic design problem related to the choice of the flux barriers thicknesses and positions. However a comprehensive work on the influence of the end part of the flux barrier on the electromagnetic and structural performance has not been yet presented. In this work two end barrier shapes are considered and optimized using the same methodology. Then the optimized machines have been deeply analyzed in terms of torque, torque ripple and rotor von Mises stress distribution. Furthermore, with the aim to further investigate the influence of such end barrier shape, a detailed sensitivity analysis is presented. In conclusion, general guidelines for the structural and electromagnetic design of such end barrier shape are drawn.