Eliminating lightning strike damage to carbon fiber composite structures in Zone 2 of aircraft by Ni-coated carbon fiber nonwoven veils

Yunli Guo, Yongzheng Xu, Qinglin Wang, Qi Dong, Xiaosu Yi, Yuxi Jia

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By using standardized Waveforms C and D, this study explored the lightning strike protection (LSP) effectiveness of nickel coated carbon fiber nonwoven veils (Ni-CFNVs) on protecting the carbon fiber composite structures in Zone 2 (aircraft lightning zoning). The post-lightning damage was evaluated by visual inspection, ultrasonic scan and residual strength test. Results showed that the Ni-CFNV of 70 g/m2 eliminated lightning strike damage inflicted by both waveforms and it even performed better than the commercial expanded copper foil of 73 g/m2. Therefore, the Ni-CFNV will be a promising alternative to metal mesh for eliminating lightning strike damage to the structures in Zone 2. The remarkable LSP effectiveness of Ni-CFNV can be explained by its integration of high electrical conductivity of Ni-coating and prominent ablation resistance of carbon fiber. The experiments indicate that not only the electrical conductivity, but also the ablation resistance of LSP layer greatly influences the LSP effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A. Carbon fibers
  • B. Electrical properties
  • Lightning strike protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering (all)

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