Electrothermal combined optimization on notch in air-cooled high-speed permanent-magnet generator

Xiaochen Zhang, Weili Li, Baoquan Kou, Junci Cao, Haichuan Cao, Chris Gerada, He Zhang

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


A 30 kVA, 96000 r/min, air-cooled high-speed permanent-magnet generator (HSPMG) is investigated in this paper. Considering effects on both the magnetic circuit and heat transfer paths comprehensively, the stator slot notch in this HSPMG is optimized. First, using the time-stepping finite-element method, the transient electromagnetic fields of HSPMG are numerically calculated, and the electromagnetic losses in different components are obtained. Then, after the determination of other mechanical losses in such a machine, a 3-D fluid-thermal coupling calculation model is established, and the working temperature distribution in the HSPMG is studied. Thus, the electromagnetic-fluid-thermal coupling analysis method on the HSPMG is proposed, and the use of the influences of machine notch height on machine magnetic circuit and cooling air flowing path are investigated. Meanwhile, both the electromagnetic performance and the temperature distribution in HSPMG with different stator notch height are studied, and a series of analytical equations is deduced to describe the variations of machine performances with stator notch. Using the proposed unbalance relative weighting method, the notch height is optimized to enhance the performance of HSPMG. The obtained conclusion could provide reference for HSPMG electromagnetic calculation, cooling system design, and optimization design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6842635
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Electromagnetic
  • fluid
  • high-speed permanent-magnet generator (HSPMG)
  • optimization
  • thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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