Electrochemical atomic force microscopy study on the dynamic evolution of lithium deposition

Xixiu Shi, Jingru Yang, Wenyang Wang, Zhaoping Liu, Cai Shen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Lithium metal is one of the most promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries; however, lithium dendrite growth hinders its large-scale development. So far, the dendrite formation mechanism is unclear. Herein, the dynamic evolution of lithium deposition in etheryl-based and ethylene carbonate (EC)-based electrolytes was obtained by combining an in situ electrochemical atomic force microscope (EC-AFM) with an electrochemical workstation. Three growth modes of lithium particles are proposed: preferential, merged, and independent growth. In addition, a lithium deposition schematic is proposed to clearly describe the morphological changes in lithium deposition. This schematic shows the process of lithium deposition, thus providing a theoretical basis for solving the problem of lithium dendrite growth.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2278
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2023


  • lithium metal
  • lithium dendrite
  • in situ EC-AFM
  • lithium deposition schematic


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