Efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure in casualties suffering from primary blast lung injury: A modeling study

Timothy E. Scott, Mainul Haque, Anup Das, Ian Cliff, Declan G. Bates, Jonathan G. Hardman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary blast lung injury is the most important component of a multisystem syndrome of injury that results from exposure to an explosive shockwave. The majority of such casualties require ventilation in an intensive care unit. We describe the use of a novel primary blast lung injury simulator to evaluate the potential efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure in 6 in silico casualties over 24 hours after injury. Our results suggest that primary blast lung injury is a form of acute lung injury that can be effectively managed with continuous positive airway pressure. In austere environments or in circumstances where medical resources are overwhelmed, continuous positive airway pressure using ambient air may be of benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4965-4968
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 23 Jul 201927 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityBerlin
Period23/07/1927/07/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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