Effects of acoustic vibration on nano and sub-micron powders fluidization

S. Kaliyaperumal, S. Barghi, J. Zhu, L. Briens, S. Rohani

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluidization of nano and sub-micron powders with and without acoustic vibration was investigated. The effects of sound pressure level and frequency were studied. Loudspeakers located under the distributor plate were used as the sound source to disintegrate larger agglomerates concentrated at the bottom of the bed. Nanoparticles showed fluid-like behavior similar to Geldart's A group and application of sound vibration improved their fluidization quality. Submicron particles were hard to fluidize and their fluidization quality was partially improved by sound excitation. Bed compaction, caused by rearranging of the agglomerates, was observed for submicron particles at low gas velocities while the bed was fixed. Nanoparticles did not experience any bed compaction. Sound vibration led to a decrease in minimum fluidization velocity and an increase in bed pressure drop and bed expansion for both types of particles. The fluidization quality of both particles increased at low frequencies, while the reverse was observed at higher frequencies. Fluidization of these particles was improved by increasing sound pressure level. There was a critical sound pressure level of 110. dB, below which the effect of sound vibration was insignificant. A novel technique was employed to find the apparent minimum fluidization velocity from pressure drop signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
Number of pages7
JournalPowder Technology
Volume210
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acoustic vibration
  • Fluidization
  • Minimum fluidization velocity
  • Nano-particles
  • Sub-micron particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)

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