In an effort to further increase the understanding of crossflow filtration, experiments were performed on the influence of particle shape on permeation flux. Five particles of similar density and size distribution but of different shapes were used to test the influence of particle shape, while varying experimental parameters such as crossflow velocity, filtration pressure, solids concentration, membrane morphology and pore size. Particle shape was found to influence the equilibrium flux by the structure of the cake layer formed. Irregularly shaped particles such as branched carbon particles provided higher fluxes due to the high voidage cakes. More regularly shaped particles such as glass spheres resulted in lower fluxes. Platelet aluminium particles had relatively high filtration rates due to the gaps between the plates. The effects of the other experimental parameters typically showed results consistent with previous publications. Using the measured cake mass, a theoretical model based on D'Arcy and Kozeny gave reliable filtration flux compared to the experimental results. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Particle shape
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science (all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation