Early clinical and CT features of COVID-19 and community acquired pneumonia from a fever observation ward in Ningbo, China

Guoqing Qian, Yuanwei Lin, Ningbo Hospital, Ada Hoi Yan Ma, Xuehui Zhang, Guoxiang Li, Xinzhong Ruan, Liemin Ruan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: We aimed to compare the early clinical manifestations, laboratory results and chest computed tomography (CT) images of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with those of other community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients to differentiate COVID 19 before reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction results are obtained.
Methods: The clinical and laboratory data and chest CT images of 51 patients were assessed in a fever observation ward for evidence of COVID-19 between January and February 2020.
Results: 24 patients had laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, whereas 27 individuals had negative results. No statistical difference in clinical features was found between COVID-19 and CAP patients except for diarrhoea. There was a significant difference in lymphocyte and eosinophil counts between COVID-19 and CAP patients. 22 (91.67%) COVID-19 patients had bilateral involvement and multiple lesions according to their lung CT images; the left lower lobe (87.50%) and right lower lobe (95.83%) were most often affected, and all lesions were located in peripheral zones of the lung. The most common CT feature of COVID-19 was ground-glass opacity, found in 95.83% of patients, compared to 66.67% of CAP patients.
Conclusion: Diarrhoea, lymphocyte counts, eosinophil counts and CT findings (e.g. ground glass opacity) could help to distinguish COVID-19 from CAP at an early stage of infection, based on findings from our fever observation ward.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalSingapore Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • clinical features
  • COVID-19
  • high-resolution CT
  • pneumonia
  • SARS-CoV-2

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Early clinical and CT features of COVID-19 and community acquired pneumonia from a fever observation ward in Ningbo, China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this