Diverse impact of Α-Fe2O3 with nano/micro-sized shapes on the catalytic fast pyrolysis of pinewood: Py-GC/MS study

Adel Baimoldina, Konstantinos Papadikis, Elena Yu Konysheva

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The feasibility of α-Fe2O3 catalyst addition in the in-situ catalytic fast pyrolysis of Pinewood was considered with the focus on the variation in its shape: nano-sized non-ideal spheres, nanotubes, hollow nano/microtubes, and octadecahedral crystals. Nano-sized spheres strongly promoted the formation of acetaldehyde, something that was also observed for the octadecahedral crystals. The formation of acids was primarily facilitated through the addition of nanotube catalysts and octadecahedral crystals. Newly formed alicyclic ketonic compounds were promoted through the addition of nano-sized spheres, hollow nano/microtubes, and octadecahedral crystals. The latter two catalysts also showed a moderate selectivity in the formation of furfural. All applied catalysts showed loss of activity, though at different degrees, on the formation of lignin derived phenolic compounds, which can be primarily attributed to favoring the formation of char with simultaneous release of CO2. All used α-Fe2O3 catalysts with different shapes maintained their original morphology after the rapid heating with the rate of 20 K/ms followed by catalytic fast pyrolysis at 500 °C, indicating that nanomaterials with targeted dimensions can be applied as catalysts in the catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass to enhance conversion of undesired oxygenated compounds to higher quality bio-oil and valuable chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-155
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Catalytic fast pyrolysis
  • Nano/micro catalysts
  • Nanotubes
  • Shape selectivity
  • α-FeO(hematite)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Fuel Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Diverse impact of Α-Fe2O3 with nano/micro-sized shapes on the catalytic fast pyrolysis of pinewood: Py-GC/MS study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this