Distribution and modes of occurrence of heavy metals in opposed multi-burner coal-water-slurry gasification plants

Peng Jiang, Chengrui Xie, Chun lin Luo, Wei Meng, Gang Yang, Guang suo Yu, Yan Gong, Mengxia Xu, Tao Wu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


To understand the migration and modes of occurrence of heavy metals in the opposed multi-burner (OMB) coal-water-slurry (CWS) gasification process, samples of coal, coarse and fine slags were obtained from two plants with different capacities. Concentrations of nine hazardous heavy metals (HMs) in these samples, i.e., Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn, were determined to show their migration and enrichment behaviours. A four-step sequential extraction method was implemented to reveal the modes of occurrence of these HMs. Results demonstrated that fine slags were mainly fragmentized spheres and were covered by fine floccules, whilst coarse slags were vitreous, angular and less porous than fine slags. Majority of the heavy metals were more concentrated in fine slags. Chromium was enriched in coarse slags, while Pb and Zn were accumulated in fine slags as indicated by the relative enrichment index. The sequential extraction demonstrated that for the coals, Cr, Cu, Ni, V and Zn were primarily associated with residual fractions (48.8–82.6 wt%), while Co, Mn and Pb were dominant in oxidizable (78.1 wt%), acid soluble (60.0 wt%) and reducible fractions (99.2 wt%), respectively. In fine slags, except for Zn, the other HMs were mainly distributed in residual fraction with 42.3 to 94.8 wt% in fine and coarse slags, respectively. Mobile fraction of HMs was the highest in coals (19.4–93.6 wt%), followed by fine slags (11.6–73.1 wt%) and coarse slags (5.1–41.0 wt%). Based on the leaching ability, except Cu, the HMs content in all slags were above the standard for direct landfill disposal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121163
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Gasification slag
  • Heavy metal
  • Leaching behaviour
  • Migration
  • Mode of occurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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