Development of sustainable FBG sensor for environmental monitoring through vibration energy harvesting

Muhammad Arif Riza, Faruq Muhammad Foong, Yun Ii Go, Chung Ket Thein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors have been utilized for environmental monitoring applications. FBG sensors operate by creating a periodic modulation in the refractive index within a fiber core that acts as a Bragg wavelength filter for an injected light source. External parameters that disturb the gratings induces a shift in the Bragg wavelength, signifying a parametric change. Normally, the light source of the FGB sensors are powered by conventional batteries. However, this may pose a challenge if the device was to be placed in remote areas where battery replacement can be inconvenient. Hence, the concept of vibration energy harvesting was applied as a solution for a green and sustainable power output. This paper highlights the basic principles of a FBG sensor and proposes a novel electromagnetic vibration energy harvesting design to power the light source of a FGB sensor. The proposed design was shown to be capable of producing sufficient output power for the sensor under a vibration input of 0.05 g.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology, SENSORS and NANO 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538656198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology, SENSORS and NANO 2019 - Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 24 Jul 201925 Jul 2019

Publication series

Name2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology, SENSORS and NANO 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Sensors and Nanotechnology, SENSORS and NANO 2019
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityPenang
Period24/07/1925/07/19

Keywords

  • Electromagnetic
  • Fiber Bragg grating
  • Light
  • Sensor
  • Vibration energy harvesting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation

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