Developing silicalite-1 encapsulated Ni nanoparticles as sintering-/coking-resistant catalysts for dry reforming of methane

Shanshan Xu, Thomas J.A. Slater, Hong Huang, Yangtao Zhou, Yilai Jiao, Christopher M.A. Parlett, Shaoliang Guan, Sarayute Chansai, Shaojun Xu, Xinrui Wang, Christopher Hardacre, Xiaolei Fan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The stability of catalysts in dry reforming of methane (DRM) is a known issue. In this paper an encapsulation strategy has been employed to improve the stability compared with conventional impregnation methods. Herein, nickel nanoparticles encapsulated in silicalite-1 were prepared using a range of methods including post treatment, direct hydrothermal and seed-directed methods to investigate the effect of synthesis protocol on the properties of catalysts, such as degree of encapsulation and Ni dispersion, and anti-coking/-sintering performance in DRM. The Ni@SiO2-S1 catalysts obtained by the seed-directed synthesis presented the full encapsulation of Ni NPs by the zeolite framework with small particle sizes (∼2.9 nm) and strong metal-support interaction, which could sterically hinder the migration/aggregation of Ni NPs and carbon deposition. Therefore, Ni@SiO2-S1 showed stable CO2/CH4 conversions of 80% and 73%, respectively, with negligible metal sintering and coking deposition (∼0.5 wt%) over 28 h, which outperformed the other catalysts prepared. In contrast, the catalysts developed by the post-treatment and ethylenediamine-protected hydrothermal methods showed the co-existence of Ni phase on the internal and external surfaces, i.e. incomplete encapsulation, with large Ni particles, contributing to Ni sintering and coking. The correlation of the synthesis-structure-performance in this study sheds light on the design of coking-/sintering-resistant encapsulated catalysts for DRM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137439
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Anti-coking
  • Anti-sintering
  • Dry reforming of methane
  • Encapsulated Ni catalyst
  • Silicalite-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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