For the first time, controlled pseudobrookite phase as the yolk and titanium oxide as the shell of hollow spheres were synthesized for the photocatalytic water oxidation. Simple and facile sacrificial hard template strategy was utilized. Firstly, the distribution of TiO2 in the hollow spheres was controlled by loading aqueous solution of 2, 3, and 5 mol/L TiCl4 precursor respectively onto carbonaceous template followed by annealing. To prove the Fe3+ ions radial penetration into the hydrophobic core of carbonaceous template, we optimized the ethanol to water ratio. The Fe2TiO5-TiO2 yolk-shell hollow spheres exhibited high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) rate up to 148 μmol g−1 h−1 under UV–vis light. This was attributed to the better light harvesting due to the geometry of hollow sphere; charge separation by a thin shell-yolk hetero-junction, a void cavity to access reaction solvent to reactive sites and the hetero-junction of Fe-O-Ti in the hollow structure. These findings suggest that our designed Fe2TiO5-TiO2 yolk-shell hollow spheres are beneficial for the photocatalytic water oxidation.
- Hetero-junction photocatalytic water oxidation
- Titanium oxide
- Yolk-shell hollow spheres
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology