Demarcation of a New Circulating Turbulent Fluidization Regime

Xiaobo Qi, Haiyan Zhu, Jesse Zhu

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Transient flow behaviors in a novel circulating-turbulent fluidized bed (C-TFB) were investigated by a multifunctional optical fiber probe, that is capable of simultaneously measuring instantaneous local solids-volume concentration, velocity and flux in gassolid two-phase suspensions. Microflow behavior distinctions between the gas-solid suspensions in a turbulent fluidized bed (TFB), conventional circulating fluidized bed (CFB), the bottom region of high-density circulating fluidized bed (HDCFB), and the newly designed C-TFB were also intensively studied. The experimental results show that particle-particle interactions (collisions) dominate the motion of particles in the C-TFB and TFB, totally different from the interaction mechanism, between the gas and solid phases in the conventional CFB and the HDCFB, where the movements of particles are mainly controlled by the gas-particle interactions (drag forces). In addition, turbulence intensity and frequency in the C-TFB are significantly greater than those in the TFB at the same superficial gas velocity. As a result, the circulating-turbulent fluidization is identified as a new flow regime, independent of turbulent fluidization, fast fluidization and dense suspension upflow. The gas-solid flow in the C-TFB has its inherent hydrodynamic characteristics, different from, those in TFB, CFB and HDCFB reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-611
Number of pages18
JournalAICHE Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Circulating-turbulent fluidization
  • Circulating-turbulent fluidized bed
  • Flow regime
  • High-density circulating fluidized bed
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Turbulent fluidized bed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering (all)


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