Delay Minimization for NOMA-mmW Scheme-Based MEC Offloading

Jia Shi, Yifan Zhou, Zan Li, Zhongling Zhao, Zheng Chu, Pei Xiao

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Upon exploiting massive spectrum resources, millimeter-wave (mmW) communication can significantly improve the transmission rate of mobile-edge computing (MEC) offloading, whereas the directional mmW links are constrained by shrunk beam coverage and demand extra phase for beam alignment. To enhance the accessing efficiency, we develop the nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scheme-based mmW MEC mechanism, namely, NOMA-mmW MEC, therefore motivating to minimize the average delay of the MEC offloading, by jointly optimizing the beamwidth, user equipment (UE) scheduling, and transmit power. To tackle the mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem of delay minimization, we develop the alternative optimization (AO) approach-based RA scheme, namely, AO-RA, to obtain the close-optimum solutions. In the AO-RA scheme, we propose the matrix control many-to-one with externality (MC-M2OE) algorithm, to find the best UE scheduling for the NOMA groupings of different types of UEs. Upon the above, we further design the joint beamwidth and transmit power (JBTP) algorithm, which determines the optimal beamwidth and transmit power for the MEC offloading transmissions. Our simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed AO-RA scheme in minimizing the offloading delay, where our MC-M2OE and JBTP algorithms can significantly outperform the existing approaches. From the simulation results, we may conclude that it needs to carefully address the tradeoff between beam alignment overhead and transmission gain while properly balancing the loading among different NOMA groups, for the practical consideration of NOMA-mmW MEC technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2285-2296
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • MEC offloading
  • mmWave based mobile-edge computing (MEC)
  • nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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