Credit scoring with macroeconomic variables using survival analysis

T. Bellotti, J. Crook

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


Survival analysis can be applied to build models for time to default on debt. In this paper, we report an application of survival analysis to model default on a large data set of credit card accounts. We explore the hypothesis that probability of default (PD) is affected by general conditions in the economy over time. These macroeconomic variables (MVs) cannot readily be included in logistic regression models. However, survival analysis provides a framework for their inclusion as time-varying covariates. Various MVs, such as interest rate and unemployment rate, are included in the analysis. We show that inclusion of these indicators improves model fit and affects PD yielding a modest improvement in predictions of default on an independent test set.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1699-1707
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Operational Research Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Credit scoring
  • Macroeconomic variables
  • Risk; banking
  • Survival analysis
  • Time-varying covariates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Marketing


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