Coupled interaction of dynamic responses of tool and workpiece in thin wall milling

K. Kolluru, D. Axinte

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chatter free thin wall machining requires knowledge of the dynamics of a machine-tool system and workpiece either for designing damping solutions or for modelling impact dynamics. Previous studies on thin wall milling mostly focussed on stability studies. However studies on the interaction between the tool and workpiece responses in thin wall machining are scarce in the literature. In this work, the coupled dynamic response of tool and workpiece is presented both for an open (thin wall straight cantilever) and for closed (thin wall ring type casing) geometry structures. Experiments were carried out for different tool overhangs and depths of cut and the machining vibration signal was analysed in time-frequency domain to study the interaction, i.e. coupling, of tool-workpiece dynamic response at various cutting tooth engagement/idle times. The findings from this study highlight the importance of tool's frequency, particularly torsional and first bending modes, in impact dynamics of thin wall milling. Moreover, the differences in dynamic response interaction between a cutting tool and thin wall plate and a cylinder are identified. While the analysis of the open geometry structure showed the presence of tool and workpiece responses for any depth of cut, results on closed geometry structure exhibited a complete dominance of tool mode at higher depths of cut. These findings are of critical importance in understanding the impact dynamics in thin wall milling and also of effectiveness of passive damping solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1565-1574
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Volume213
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chatter
  • Coupled dynamic response
  • Thin wall machining
  • Time-frequency analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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