Controllable synthesis of (NH4)Fe2(PO4)2(OH)·2H2O using two-step route: Ultrasonic-intensified impinging stream pre-treatment followed by hydrothermal treatment

Bin Dong, Guang Li, Xiaogang Yang, Luming Chen, George Z. Chen

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(NH4)Fe2(PO4)2(OH)·2H2O samples with different morphology are successfully synthesized via two-step synthesis route – ultrasonic-intensified impinging stream pre-treatment followed by hydrothermal treatment (UIHT) method. The effects of the adoption of ultrasonic-intensified impinging stream pre-treatment, reagent concentration (C), pH value of solution and hydrothermal reaction time (T) on the physical and chemical properties of the synthesised (NH4)Fe2(PO4)2(OH)·2H2O composites and FePO4 particles were systematically investigated. Nano-seeds were firstly synthesized using the ultrasonic-intensified T-mixer and these nano-seeds were then transferred into a hydrothermal reactor, heated at 170 °C for 4 h. The obtained samples were characterized by utilising XRD, BET, TG-DTA, SEM, TEM, Mastersizer 3000 and FTIR, respectively. The experimental results have indicated that the particle size and morphology of the obtained samples are remarkably affected by the use of ultrasonic-intensified impinging stream pre-treatment, hydrothermal reaction time, reagent concentration, and pH value of solution. When such (NH4)Fe2(PO4)2(OH)·2H2O precursor samples were transformed to FePO4 products after sintering at 650 °C for 10 h, the SEM images have clearly shown that both the precursor and the final product still retain their monodispersed spherical microstructures with similar particle size of about 3 μm when the samples are synthesised at the optimised condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-463
Number of pages12
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • (NH)Fe(PO)(OH)·2HO
  • FePO
  • Hydrothermal treatment
  • Reagent concentration
  • Ultrasonic-intensified impinging stream
  • pH value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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