Computational intelligence-enabled prediction and communication mechanism for IoT-based autonomous systems

Bo Jin, Fazlullah Khan, Ryan Alturki, Mohammed Abdulaziz Ikram

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Autonomous systems and the Internet of Things (IoT) have become more sophisticated research areas and entered successfully into various daily living activities such as smart homes & buildings, autonomous cars, drones, robots, etc. A crucial and essential aspect of these systems is the precision and accuracy of the decision-making process, i.e., the decision support system. Likewise, developing a completely autonomous system is an open research problem. This paper proposes a computational intelligence-based prediction and communication mechanism for the independent system where IoT is used as a data collection tool. Initially, energy gauge (EG) devices collect helpful information about neighboring devices in the IoT networks. Then, information about the potential relaying devices is broadcasted by the concerned EG device, which uses every member device to adjust routing path(s) in the autonomous system. Furthermore, every EG device has an embedded computational intelligent decision support system that is used to precisely predict the criticality of a neighboring device (preferably relay) in the autonomous systems. Therefore, every device must ensure data transmission via the most reliable path(s), i.e., avoiding critical devices if possible. A device is assumed critical if either its residual energy or received signal strength indicator value is less than the defined threshold values for the autonomous systems. Additionally, the proposed mechanism has ensured a uniform traffic distribution of the transmitted packets in the autonomous system. The operational applicability of the proposed computational intelligence-enabled prediction mechanism in the autonomous system is verified by comparing it with the existing approaches. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme has enhanced the accuracy of the concerned autonomous systems more than other schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
JournalISA Transactions
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Computational intelligence
  • Decision support system
  • Intelligent prediction
  • Intelligent sensors
  • Internet of Things
  • IoT-based autonomous systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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