Classification of single cell types during leukemia therapy using artificial neural networks

Minjie LYU, Milena Radenkovic, DerinB. KESKIN, Vladimir Brusic

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Abstract

We trained artificial neural network (ANN) models to classify peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) patients. The classification task was to determine differences in gene expression profiles in PBMC pre-treatment (with ibrutinib) and on days 30, 120, 150, and 280 after the start of treatment. Twelve datasets represented clinical samples containing a total 48,016 single cell profiles were used to train and test ANN models to classify the progress of therapy by gene expression changes. The accuracy of ANN classification was >92% in internal cross-validation. External cross-validation, using independent data sets for training and testing, showed the accuracy of classification of post-treatment PBMCs to more than 80%. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that has demonstrated the potential of ANNs with 10x single cell gene expression data for detecting the changes during treatment of CLL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1258-1261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM) - Seoul, Korea (South)
Duration: 16 Dec 202019 Dec 2020

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM)
Period16/12/2019/12/20

Keywords

  • ANN
  • CLL
  • Machine Learning
  • PBMC
  • ibrutinib
  • scRNAseq

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