Chromium poisoning of the porous composite cathode

E. Konysheva, J. Mertens, H. Penkalla, L. Singheiser, K. Hilpert

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical behavior of the { La0.65 Sr0.3 MnO3 (LSM)/porous functional layer(FL)/ 8 mol % Y2 O3 -stabilized ZrO2 (8YSZ) electrolyte } half cell in the presence of a Cr source was studied by dc method and impedance spectroscopy. The porous FL was made of a LSM and 8YSZ powder mixture. The degradation rate of the cell was found to depend strongly on the FL thickness. The increase in the thickness of the FL up to 13 μm leads to a significant reduction of the Cr poisoning of the cathode. The effect of high current density (up to 0.5 A cm2) on the long-term performance of half cells in the presence of chromium source was investigated. A few processes occur near the { LSM/8YSZ/gas } contact under current load in the presence of a chromium source: chemical transformations of this contact accompanied by the formation of chromium oxide under a relatively high current load, destruction of the electrolyte and penetration of chromium into the electrolyte along the grain boundaries. The chemical nature and rate of the transformations taking place near the { LSM/8YSZ/gas } contact under current load, most probably, determine the electrochemical performance of the cell for the initial operation period whereas the two other processes could contribute to the degradation during long-term performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)B1252-B1264
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume154
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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