An unusual high-pressure (<5000 psi) and low-temperature (>30 K) cell is used to study the photochemistry of d6 metal carbonyl complexes and related compounds in a polyethylene (PE) matrix. This approach combines some of the advantages of traditional matrix isolation with those of low temperature solvents (e.g. liquid Xe). UV photolysis of M(CO)6 under pressures of N2 lead initially to the formation of M(CO)5N2 and, on longer photolysis, to more highly substituted M(CO)6-n(N2)n (n ≤ 4) species. Photolysis under a pressure of H2 leads to M(CO)5(η2-H2) and cis-M(CO)4(η2-H2)2, disubstituted compounds which were previously unknown for Mo and W. The thermal reactivities of all of these compounds were qualitatively established by raising the temperature of the PE matrix and monitoring the reaction with CO. The UV photolysis of W(CO)5CS and (η6-C6H3(CH3) 3)M(CO)3 (M = Cr and Mo) also leads to previously uncharacterized H2 and N2 complexes. The low-temperature, high-pressure (LT-HP) cell allows gases to be exchanged during the course of a single experiment. The conditions needed for H2 and N2 to penetrate the PE and to be removed from it have been investigated, and this information has been used to study thermal exchange reactions between coordinated N2 and η2-H2 ligands in M(CO)5L compounds. It was found that the reactivity followed the order Mo > Cr > W.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Jun 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry