Nickel sesquioxide (Ni2O3) nanoparticles were synthesized using centrifugal microfluidics in the present study. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized using SEM to investigate their morphology and microstructure, and XRD was employed to analyze their purity. The nanoparticle size data were measured and analyzed using ImageJ (v1.8.0) software. The flow process and mixing procedure were monitored through computational fluid dynamics simulation. Among the synthesized Ni2O3 nanoparticles, those obtained at the rotation speed of 1000 rpm for 10 min with angular acceleration of 4.2 rad/s2 showed the best performance in terms of high purity, complete shape and microstructure, small diameter, and narrow diameter distribution. The experimental results demonstrate that the rotation speed of the microfluidic chip and reaction time contribute to a decrease in particle diameter and a narrower diameter distribution range. In contrast, an increase in acceleration of the rotation speed leads to an expanded nanoparticle size range and, thus, a wider distribution. These findings contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the effects exerted by various factors in centrifugal microfluidics and will provide new insights into nanoparticle synthesis using centrifugal microfluidic technology.
- centrifugal microfluidic
- nickel sesquioxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering