Causes et conséquences des réductions d'effectifs dans les entreprises publiques en Chine

Translated title of the contribution: Labor retrenchment in China: Determinants and consequences

Simon Appleton, John Knight, Lina Song, Qingjie Xia

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The recent policy of labour retrenchment in state-owned enterprises in China (known as xia gang) has important implications for both efficiency and equity. This paper examines the individual-level determinants and consequences of the xia gang policy, using a survey conducted in the year 2000. As many as 11% of urban workers had been retrenched, and 53% of these remained unemployed. The risk of retrenchment was higher for women, the less educated, the low skilled, the middle-aged and those employed by local government or urban collectives. Re-employment rates are low and imply unemployment will be long term. The duration of unemployment is longer for the unhealthy, the less educated and women with young children. Unemployment benefit has no effect on the duration of unemployment. The income losses from retrenchment stem largely from the loss of earnings while unemployed. However, re-employed workers are paid less than if they were never retrenched.

Translated title of the contributionLabor retrenchment in China: Determinants and consequences
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)159-189
Number of pages31
JournalRevue d'Economie du Developpement
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)


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