Building energy retrofit measures in hot-summer–cold-winter climates: A case study in Shanghai

Yuanda Hong, Collins I. Ezeh, Wu Deng, Sung Hugh Hong, Zhen Peng

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Building retrofit measures provide a significant means of mitigating the effect of climate change on buildings by enhancing building energy performance at a beneficial cost-effectiveness. An insight into the applicable building retrofit measures within a climate zone will guide the optimisation framework to attaining sustainability in architecture and the built environment. This article presents a brief overview of recent studies on retrofit measures and its application on a variety of buildings in hot-summer–cold-winter climates, with emphasis on Shanghai. Findings show that the major retrofit measures include improvement in the building envelope, heating, ventilation and cooling (HVAC) and lighting, supported by photovoltaic (PV) systems, accordingly. Furthermore, the study identifies key elements and plausible challenges for the evaluation of building retrofit measures in this region. In this regard, financial barriers and lack of standards and regulatory support are the main challenges identified. These insights provide a systematic approach to guide building researchers, practitioners and decision-makers in the design and development of existing and new retrofit measures for the future of rapidly growing cities with a broad climate variation scope.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3393
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2019


  • Building energy consumption
  • Building retrofit measures
  • Climate change
  • Hot-summer–cold-winter
  • Shanghai

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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