Boiling of water droplet in glass–oil–water multiphase system

Xiaotian He, Yiwei Cheng, Jinliang Xu, Xiongjiang Yu, Jian Xie, Xiaojing Ma, Yong Ren

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Boiling a volatile droplet in non-volatile liquid is complex because of various interface interactions in a solid–liquid–liquid system. Previous studies have reported explosive boiling and attributed this phenomenon to heterogeneous nucleation due to solid–liquid contact. In this study, we investigated the boiling of an approximately 2 mm-diameter water droplet in a silicon oil pool inside a glass container. Two transition temperatures were observed: 122.5 °C (for the transition from evaporation to boiling) and 160.0 °C (for the transition from the bubble growth on the oil side to that on both the oil and water sides). Moreover, four boiling modes were identified: evaporation (E), boiling in water (BIW: bubble nucleation at the glass–water interface and growth inside a drop), boiling in oil (BIO: bubble nucleation at the oil–water interface and growth in oil), and boiling in oil and water (BIOW: bubble nucleation at the oil–water interface and growth in oil and water). For the first time, boiling bifurcation was observed for drop boiling in a three-phase system. For the oil temperature (Tb) in the range 122.5–160.0 °C, the boiling mode switches between BIW and BIO. In contrast, for Tb exceeding 160.0 °C, either BIW or BIOW occurs. This bifurcation occurs because droplets prefer minimum activation energy between that for the bubble nucleation at the solid–water interface and that for the bubble nucleation at the oil–water interface. Interfacial instabilities were analyzed to explain why BIOW was more violent than BIW. This work presents a comprehensive understanding of droplet boiling in a three-phase system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104202
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Boiling bifurcation
  • Bubble nucleation
  • Droplet
  • Interfacial instability
  • Three-phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy (all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Boiling of water droplet in glass–oil–water multiphase system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this