Blockchain Federation Enabled Trustable Internet of Things

Zhitao Wan, Minqiang Cai, Xiuping Hua, Jinqing Yang, Xianghua Lin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The Internet of Things (IoT) provides an infrastructure enabling advanced functions based on interoperable information and communication technologies by interconnecting physical and virtual things. IoT has gained more and more attention from both academy and industry. However, the design, maintenance, and governance of IoT are facing challenges because of an enormous amount of heterogeneous devices involved. IoT requires strengthening its trustable features. The blockchains are immutable distributed ledger systems supporting trustable features including security, scalability, privacy, safety, and connectivity usually without a central authority. Due to the complexity of IoT system any current blockchain cannot satisfy all demands of heterogeneous devices, networks, and higher level functionalities. This paper proposes a novel reference architecture combines Blockchain Federation with IoT to make IoT capable of being trusted. The architecture enables trustable features by integrating blockchains with different IoT tiers and layers. Proof of concept system is implemented to demonstrate the correctness and feasibility of the architecture. Furthermore, the future directions of Blockchain Federation and IoT evolution are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationServices – SERVICES 2020 - 16th World Congress, Held as Part of the Services Conference Federation, SCF 2020, Proceedings
EditorsJoao Eduardo Ferreira, Balaji Palanisamy, Kejiang Ye, Siva Kantamneni, Liang-Jie Zhang
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783030595944
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event16th World Congress on Services, SERVICES 2020, held as part of the Services Conference Federation, SCF 2020 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 18 Sept 202020 Sept 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12411 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference16th World Congress on Services, SERVICES 2020, held as part of the Services Conference Federation, SCF 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Blockchain Federation
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Trustable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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