Beam Alignment for MIMO-NOMA Millimeter Wave Communication Systems

Wanming Hao, Fuhui Zhou, Zheng Chu, Pei Xiao, Rahim Tafazolli, Naofal Al-Dhahir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Millimeter wave (mmWave) communication is a promising technology in future wireless networks because of its wide bandwidths that can achieve high data rates. However, high beam directionality at the transceiver is needed due to the large path loss at mmWave. Therefore, in this paper, we investigate the beam alignment and power allocation problem in a nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) mmWave system. Different from the traditional beam alignment problem, we consider the NOMA scheme during the beam alignment phase when two users are at the same or close angle direction from the base station. Next, we formulate an optimization problem of joint beamwidth selection and power allocation to maximize the sum rate, where the quality of service (QoS) of the users and total power constraints are imposed. Since it is difficult to directly solve the formulated problem, we start by fixing the beamwidth. Next, we transform the power allocation optimization problem into a convex one, and a closed-form solution is derived. In addition, a one-dimensional search algorithm is used to find the optimal beamwidth. Finally, simulation results are conducted to compare the performance of the proposed NOMA-based beam alignment and power allocation scheme with that of the conventional OMA scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680889
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Shanghai, China
Duration: 20 May 201924 May 2019

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019


  • Beam alignment
  • mmWave
  • NOMA
  • Power allocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Beam Alignment for MIMO-NOMA Millimeter Wave Communication Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this