Automatic Background Filtering for Cooperative Perception Using Roadside LiDAR

Jianqi Liu, Jianguo Zhao, Junfeng Guo, Caifeng Zou, Xiuwen Yin, Xiaochun Cheng, Fazlullah Khan

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review


The vehicle-road cooperative perception needs high accuracy and real-time automatic background filtering to separate background objects from foreground objects in complex traffic scenes. Reducing the influence of foreground objects to improve accuracy, and introducing a new framework to improve real-time performance are two main challenges in automatic background filtering. This paper proposes an Automatic Background Filtering method with innovative Frame Selection and Background Matrix Extraction modules (ABF-FSBME) to address these challenges. Firstly, a new space division method with equal hitting probability is proposed to divide the 3D point cloud formed by roadside Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), which can reduce the influence of slight LiDAR vibrations. Secondly, the terminal-edge-cloud framework is introduced to balance delay-constrained tasks and computation-intensive tasks in automatic background filtering. Thirdly, a variance-based frame selection strategy with a sliding window mechanism is proposed to select candidate frames with fewer foreground objects. This strategy can reduce the influence of foreground objects in a coarse-grained way. Meanwhile, a new background matrix extraction method is proposed to construct the background matrix. This method can further reduce the influence of foreground objects in a fine-grained way. Finally, based on the extracted background matrix from a cloud server, the edge server can filter the raw frame in real-time. The experimental results show that the proposed ABF-FSBME method has better accuracy than other methods in error rate and integrity rate. Besides, the proposed ABF-FSBME can complete fame filtering within 10ms, and has almost no network delay, so it can satisfy the real-time requirement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Automatic background filtering
  • background matrix extraction
  • Filtering
  • frame selection
  • Laser beams
  • Laser radar
  • Real-time systems
  • Sensors
  • space division
  • Task analysis
  • Three-dimensional displays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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