Atomic force microscopy (AFM) can be used to analyze and measure the physical properties of all kinds of materials at nanoscale in the atmosphere, liquid phase, and ultra-high vacuum environment. it has become an important tool for nanoscience research. In this book, the basic principles of functional AFM techniques and their applications in energy materials - such as lithium-ion batteries, solar cells, and other energy-related materials - are addressed.
- Engineering & Technology
- Physical Sciences