Association between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome among Chinese adults

Yi Lin, Yan Yan Ying, Si Xuan Li, Si Jia Wang, Qing Hai Gong, Hui Li

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Chinese adults living in Ningbo and to examine the association between alcohol consumption and MetS and its medical components. Design: A representative survey in Ningbo was conducted in 2015 covering socio-demography. A FFQ together with additional questionnaires was used to collect information on alcohol consumption, diet, demography, lifestyle and medical information. Multivariable logistic regression and generalised linear models were used to examine the association between alcohol consumption and both MetS and its medical components, respectively. Setting: Ningbo, China. Participants: A total of 2853 adults ≥ 20 years (44 % men) in this final analysis. Results: The prevalence of frequent alcohol drinkers and MetS was 29·9 % and 28·0 %, respectively. Significantly higher prevalence of MetS and mean values of medical components were found in the group of frequent alcohol drinkers with an exception for HDL-cholesterol, compared with less or non-alcohol drinkers. Frequent alcohol consumption was associated with higher odds of developing MetS and positively associated with medical components excepting waist circumference. Conclusions: Frequent alcohol consumption contributed to a higher prevalence of MetS and unfavourable influence on MetS and its medical components among Chinese adults. A public health intervention on alcohol restriction is necessary for the prevention and control of the ongoing epidemic MetS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4582-4590
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2021


  • Alcohol consumption
  • Chinese
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Nutrition survey
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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