Approximation algorithms on consistent dynamic map labeling

Chung Shou Liao, Chih Wei Liang, Sheung Hung Poon

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


We consider the dynamic map labeling problem: given a set of rectangular labels on the map, the goal is to appropriately select visible ranges for all the labels such that no two consistent labels overlap at every scale and the sum of total visible ranges is maximized. This is also called the active range optimization (ARO) problem defined by Been et al. (2006) [2]. We propose approximation algorithms for several variants of this problem. For the simple ARO problem, we provide a 3clog⁡n-approximation algorithm for unit-width rectangular labels if there is a c-approximation algorithm for the unit-width label placement problem in the plane; and a randomized polynomial-time O(log⁡nlog⁡log⁡n)-approximation algorithm for arbitrary rectangular labels. For the general ARO problem, we prove that it remains NP-complete even for congruent square labels with equal selectable scale range. Moreover, we contribute 12-approximation algorithms for both arbitrary square labels and unit-width rectangular labels, and a 6-approximation algorithm for congruent square labels, and show that the bounds are tight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalTheoretical Computer Science
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Active range optimization
  • Approximation algorithm
  • Dynamic map labeling
  • NP-complete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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