Antioxidant activity of the lignins derived from fluidized-bed fast pyrolysis

Sohail S. Qazi, Dongbing Li, Cedric Briens, Franco Berruti, Mamdouh M. Abou-Zaid

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


A challenge in recent years has been the rational use of forest and agriculture residues for the production of bio-fuel, biochemical, and other bioproducts. In this study, potentially useful compounds from pyrolytic lignins were identified by HPLC-MS/MS and untargeted metabolomics. The metabolites identified were 2-(4-allyl-2-methoxyphenoxy)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-propanol, benzyl benzoate, fisetinidol, phenyllactic acid, 2-phenylpropionic acid, 6,3′-dimethoxyflavone, and vanillin. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity (DPPH), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and total phenolics content (TPC) per gram of pyrolytic lignin ranged from 14 to 503 mg ascorbic acid equivalents, 35 to 277 mg trolox equivalents, and 0.42 to 50 mg gallic acid equivalents, respectively. A very significant correlation was observed between the DPPH and TPC (r = 0.8663, p ≤ 0.0001), TEAC and TPC (r = 0.8044, p ≤ 0.0001), and DPPH and TEAC (r = 0.8851, p ≤ 0.0001). The polyphenolic compounds in the pyrolytic lignins which are responsible for radical scavenging activity and antioxidant properties can be readily profiled with HPLC-MS/MS combined with untargeted metabolomics. The results also suggest that DPPH, TEAC, and TPC assays are suitable methods for the measurement of antioxidant activity in a variety of pyrolytic lignins. These data show that the pyrolytic lignins can be considered as promising sources of natural antioxidants and value-added chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number372
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidants
  • Bio-oils
  • Bioactive compounds
  • Biomass
  • Free-radical scavenging activity
  • Metabolomics
  • Phenolics
  • Pyrolytic lignins
  • Value-added chemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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