Analytical thermal model for fast stator winding temperature prediction

Claudio Sciascera, Paolo Giangrande, Luca Papini, Chris Gerada, Michael Galea

Research output: Journal PublicationArticlepeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)


This paper introduces an innovative thermal modeling technique which accurately predicts the winding temperature of electrical machines, both at transient and steady state conditions, for applications where the stator Joule losses are the dominant heat source. The model is an advanced variation of the classical lumped-parameter thermal network approach, with the expected degree of accuracy but at a much lower computational cost. A seven-node thermal network is first implemented and an empirical procedure to fine-tuning the critical parameters is proposed. The derivation of the low computational cost model from the thermal network is thoroughly explained. A simplification of the seven-node thermal network with an equivalent three-node thermal network is then implemented, and the same procedure is applied to the new network for deriving an even faster low computational cost model. The proposed model is then validated against experimental results carried on a permanent magnet synchronous machine which is part of an electro-mechanical actuator designed for an aerospace application. A comparison between the performance of the classical lumped-parameter thermal network and the proposed model is carried out, both in terms of accuracy of the stator temperature prediction and of the computational time required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7878526
Pages (from-to)6116-6126
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Analytical models
  • Approximation methods
  • Electric motors
  • Nonlinear dynamical systems
  • Permanent-magnet machines
  • Polynomials
  • Thermal analysis
  • Thermal management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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